President: BlancaMiedes Ugarte
Reporter: Catherine Guy, Eso-rennes 2
- Build and implement democratic tools of decision support. Question time, players question, a question of scale.
Catherine Guy, University of Rennes 2 has chosen to present a case study on global warming as the theme allows confonter the long-term actions envisagéee lae and short term available to perform these actions.
The precise knowledge accumulated on the air pollution …. and policy implementations. What are the tools of Territorial Intelligence (IT) can be implemented. These tools require the identification of the objective, methodology and issues. In the case of this school he is considering the concept of adaptation and / or mitigation. Over the long term, the IT tool used to build scenarios, make predictions (type of activity by the IPCC). It is therefore prospective study identifying options for the long term. In contrast, the tool can be used on short-term factors such as the climatic disasters (implementation of emergency relief, capacity to react urgently ..), but also prevention plans such as to prevent the problems of pollution (green algae on the beaches).
Another application, always in the context of climate change is the democratic aspect. The tools will allow for consultation with stakeholders (ie farmers) on territorial policies in order to have a more societal democracy (participatory discussion).
The tool also allows IT to play on échellles at various levels both regulatory, as skills. The TI is a political tool of renewed confidence (versus mistrust) to help build a more societal governance and is a response to a real challenge.
- Cities in decline (ANR)
Film about the city of Glasgow is on the slope of decline.
Glasgow had the biggest decine in Europe. Its population shrinked dramatically because death rate, housing low conditions, low social population, desindustrialization. The political strategy was opportunistic, trying to focus on services on the 1980s. Local agences tryed to reverse the decline. the nature of the economy shiffted from industry to services with better job quality and diversity of jobs. The growth of toursim, retailing and TIC where major factors of this recovering. Now Glasgow is a european cultural city, BBC has its offices there. The population of Glasgow has stabilized with immigration to work there. The rate of birth has become positive again. A new University has emerged…
Glasgow cannot be considered anymor like a declining city, however communities have to still invest in the city and not only in successful part of the city.
- The limits of branding governance
Charles Edouard Houllier-Guibert presents his work in progress on the concept of “branding” through the three cities of Rennes, Nantes and Monreal. We will compare to the branding of urban marketing. For example Amsterdam diffuses through signals (red crosses, symbols) different informative messages throughout the city and thus represents its territorial identity. In quebec we see several signs of identity as the expression ‘bonjour quebec “.
The process of “branding” has three step strategy, operational plan of action to decide whether the brand will be rather a slogan, participation in the Olympic … Currently, all three cities have been busy thinking about the image they wish to convey, only Monreal went after this rélexion (step 3). What are the problems identified: fragementation cities, the problem of cooperation between the Admins and effectively implemented strategy. The notion of image can be a cooperation between cities (eg the connection between Rennes and St Malo to find a sense of community, or between Nantes and Rennes attenidre the critical mass to exist at European level). But for such cooperation exists, it should not feel aggrieved that a pole.
Monreal A: $ 480 000 for a logo. Faced with criticism from the media on the exorbitant cost of this operation on the eve of the crisis, the project could not be completed so that the logo represented beyond the communication operation, a work of three years of political reconciliation between communities and stakeholders, a real work of governance. Another obstacle is the rivalry between municipalities and political disagreements.
To conclude, JC Edward Houllier said that this operation of “branding” will bring all actors of a territory. Second observation it can identify the power games between the players, which makes decisions, even if nothing is decided. Finally through this work, we can note that the city is now considered appropriate proximity scale globally.
This policy brings together public image does not, unfortunately, the actors of civil society. Moreover cetraines brand images appear out of the hat to the people as the image Stendhal adjoins the city of Besencson through some red and black, which seems very elitist.
- From regionalization to territorial management. The role of Regional Development Agencies in Turkey
In the context of Turkey’s candidacy to the EU, Benoit Montabone exposes the role of regional developement agencies in Turkey. Indeed, to meet the EU requirement of compliance with the acquis communautaire, in structures that did not exist before in this country will develop. Are these agencies reflect a process of regionalization, which links with existing local initiatives? Turkey is a country with a highly centralized management sector and non-territorial. Following the request of the EU, the regional levels have been created. A territorial division exists, it is taught in school but did not match any legal or administrative boundaries. Hierarchy NUTS II have been created with the regional agencies by the French equivalent of DATAR. The regional developement agencies have large budget equivalent to large French town halls, but their role remains vague (investissemnts attract foreign supervision of regional / European funding), the government remains highly centralized. Indeed the central agency established regional agencies which induces relations policies consistent with national will. Further funding of European projects mounted by regional agencies are transferred to the center for decision on their use. It is therefore no case of political entities. As local expectations about the emergence of these agencies are turning to services like those offered by our ICC.
Europe it seems satisfied with the creation and fonctionnelent of these agencies. For Europe as a tool of governance at a distance. Instead of regionalization can be here to talk about management of territories.
- Freight transport in town – and regulatory development
Urban transport of goods reflects the economic activity of a city. A study on the governance of communities on urban transport was conducted from 9 cities in Britain. Before the 90s, were fortunate to benefit communities by private cars and public transport, or moving the housing to the suburbs to urban centers devitalized with the movement of goods to the limited facilities. After 90 years, the concept of sustainable development is gaining ground and stigmatizes the truck polluter. The creation of urban transport plan (Act LAURE and SRU) finally takes into account the movement of goods both urban question of public transport. This PDU (often bylaws / intermunicipal) therefore regulate parking, movement of delivery vehicles, their tonnage …
The model FRETURB support the decision were fledged between 2001 and 2003 on thématqiue confrontation in public transport and goods in the city center. A Lannion the same model has identified the problems related to insufficient quantity of goods delivered. The solutions can be considered are staggered hours (overnight) parking of specific, and therefore allows cooperation between stakeholders. Decentralization has helped manage the problems of urban transport, however there is still a patchwork of rules based on territories.
debate: to bounce on the theme of climate change, new forms of urban transport emerging as the delivery bike.